How to Become a Backend Developer

Are you considering a career in backend development?

Companies require superstar back-end engineers to create full-fledged applications that go beyond the user interface.

All of the app’s data is stored and processed on the backend. Back-end development refers to everything that goes behind the scenes. Databases, business logic, the API layer, and pretty much anything else that isn’t linked to the user interface are all part of it.

A back-end developer’s annual pay in the United States is $120,654. Let’s have a look at what it takes to work as a Back-end Developer.

Select a Programming Language:

Before you can begin constructing the backend, you must first decide which programming language you will use for your application. Depending on the programming language you employ, you’ll need a range of skills to become a competent back-end developer.

The following are the top tech stacks to utilize as a backend developer:

  • JavaScript
  • Python
  • C#
  • Java

The following components comprise the backend stack:

  • Programming languages: These are used to write the logic for apps and websites. The codes connect the internet to a database. JavaScript, PHP, and Python are a few examples.
  • Frameworks: it provides application support based on a single programming language. Among the most popular frameworks are Laravel, Django, and Ruby on Rails. The majority of current apps are developed with an MVC framework.
  • Web Servers: Backend servers are required to manage client requests. The most popular web servers are Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft’s Internet Information Server (IIS).
  • Databases: Most applications need the use of a SQL or NoSQL database. Databases that are widely used include MongoDB, PostgreSQL, and MySQL.

Let’s take a deeper look at the four most often used back-end programming languages and the technology stack that supports them.

JavaScript Stack:

JavaScript is the most popular programming language for the sixth year in a row, according to a StackOverflow analysis. JavaScript is utilized to construct apps by numerous forward-thinking Fortune 500 businesses, including Facebook, Netflix, and PayPal. To work as a JavaScript back-end developer, you must have a deep grasp of JavaScript as a programming language. Once you’ve learned JavaScript, you’ll need the following abilities to complete the stack.

Skills Required-


On the backend, JavaScript code is executed using the sophisticated open-source server environment Node.js. Before you begin learning node, you must be comfortable with JavaScript. Node.js is the way to go if you’re utilizing JavaScript to construct back-end apps. It is quite popular and has a sizable community following.

Node is built to support asynchronous JavaScript development. It may be used for asynchronous operations such as file system reading and writing, database connection management, and web server queries. Node.js is a server-side programming language capable of interacting with databases and files.

Learn Node JS:

Python Stack:

Python has long been a favorite programming language among developers. Because of its easy syntax, many schools are now teaching Python to pupils as their first programming language. Python is an excellent choice if your API requires a large number of computations.

After learning Python, You can learn Django, flask, and fast API to develop a webserver.

Learn Python:

C# Stack:

The C# programming language is used by businesses that employ Microsoft technology. To work as a C# back-end developer, you must have a good grasp of C# as a programming language. After you’ve learned C#, you’ll need a few additional skills to create a web application.

Learn C#:

Java Stack:

Java is a prominent programming language used by firms such as Google and Amazon in a range of backend development projects. Is Object-Oriented Programming something you love doing? If you answered yes, you should use Java as the programming language for your backend stack.

Learn Java:

Select a Database:

Regardless of the programming language you choose for your back-end, a database will always be necessary. Any application you write will necessitate the use of a database. This is where the data is maintained. The two most prevalent database types are SQL and NoSQL.

SQL databases are becoming more popular. SQL-driven databases are utilized by companies such as Facebook, Netflix, Uber, and Airbnb, to name a few. To be a good back-end developer, you must have a thorough understanding of SQL.

Originally published at on July 24, 2022.



Full Stack developer & Technical writer

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